Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a cord-like structure that connects muscles to bones. There are hundreds of tendons located throughout the body. Tendonitis can occur in any part of the body in which tendons are located, but most often occurs in certain locations such as the elbow, shoulder (rotator cuff), wrist, knee, hip and ankle (Achilles tendon). Tendonitis typically causes pain due to inflammation and swelling.In some cases, a loss of mobility of the joint will occur due to excessive inflammation.
Tendonitis is often caused by repetitive overuse of a joint that causes irritation and inflammation of the tendons. The condition can also be caused by a direct trauma to the joint, can occur in conjunction with other conditions and injuries, or can be caused by some medical conditions (such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout).
Trochanteric bursitis, also known as hip bursitis, is an inflammation of the bursa, the fluid filled sac that is situated between the greater trochanter (the bone located in the outside of the hip) and a tendon that passes over the bone within the hip joint. When the bursa becomes inflamed, it causes pain in the hip in the area over the upper thigh.
Trochanteric bursitis can be caused by an injury to the outside of the hip or upper thigh, such as a fall, bump, or other direct trauma. It can also be caused by overuse from activities such as running, climbing, or standing, and is commonly seen in athletes engaged in running-related sports. Medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, and certain physical conditions, such as scoliosis, poor posture and spine problems can also contribute to trochanteric bursitis. The condition can develop following hip surgery or in the presence of bone spurs or calcifications in the tendons located within the hip joint.
There are many types of arthritis, a condition that primarily causes inflammation, pain and limited mobility in the joints. Symptoms of arthritis are caused by a breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joint, which normally acts like a shock absorber and prevents bones from rubbing together. Some types of arthritis are a result of regular or excessive wear and tear on the joints and cartilage surrounding the joints, while others are a result of metabolic or immune system abnormalities, infections or injury. Each type of arthritis has slightly different symptoms, causes and treatments.
Causes of arthritis are based on the type of arthritis an individual suffers from. Osteoarthritis, for example, is a result of wear and tear on the cartilage around joints or can arise after sustaining an injury. Gout, another form of arthritis, is a metabolic condition. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an overactive immune system. Other types of arthritis may be caused by infections, injury or other medical or physical conditions.
A hip sprain or strain involves an injury to the soft tissues of the hip area. Sprains involve injury to ligaments (the bands of tissue that connect bones together) within the joint and strains refer to injuries of muscles and tendons. The bones of the hip anchor muscles that travel down the leg, across the abdomen and into the buttocks and when sprains and strains occur in the hip area, they can lead to symptoms in other locations as well.
Most hip sprains or strains occur from an accident or traumatic impact to the hip, such as a fall or direct and forceful contact (a contusion), or overuse or overstretching of the muscles or ligaments in the hip. The result can be small tears in the muscle fibers, tendons or ligaments, which may be mild, moderate or severe in nature (grades I, II, and III). Sprains and strains are more likely to occur in individuals that have had previous injuries in the area, that do “too much, too soon”, that engage in the same physical activities on a regular basis (repetitive overuse), or that do not warm up sufficiently prior to activity.